Country Overview For Canada
The climate in Canada is typically varies from temperate in south to subarctic and arctic in north. The terrain: mostly plains with mountains in west and lowlands in southeast. For Ottawa in January the daily average maximum temperatures is 0°C with the average minimum -9°C, while in June the average maximum is 26°C with a minimum of 13°C. The wettest month for Ottawa is June with an average of 85.4mm of precipitation falling while the driest month is March with 49.3mm falling.
HISTORICAL MONTHLY AVERAGES FOR OCTOBER
The information presented below gives detailed historical monthly average weather conditions along with exceptional weather occurrences. To maintain relevance to current weather trends the displayed information has been calculated using data collected over the past two decades. The climate profile is taken from closest available data source to Cape Breton.
Throughout the month of October daytime temperatures will generally reach highs of around 14°C that's about 57°F. At night the average minimum temperature drops down to around 8°C, that's 47°F.
In recent times the highest recorded temperature in October has been 23°C that's 73°F, with the lowest recorded temperature 1°C, about 34°F.
The average daily relative humidity for October is around 77%.
The Heat Index is a measure of how hot it feels when relative humidity is added to actual air temperature. From this a comfort level is calculated providing categories on how heat conditions might adversely affect someone.
Comfort Levels: Given average maximum temperatures and humidity levels generally you should not anticipate any discomfort from heat (see heat index for more information).
Estimated Hours of Sunshine per Day
We calculate sunshine hours per day using our past forecast data. For October expect the sun to shine for an average of 5 hours per day. This represents the average number of hours in the daytime that the sun is visible and not obscured by cloud e.g. the average number of hours the sun is actually out and shining. Note we calculate hours of sunshine per day using our past forecast data, not observation data, thus it is an estimate and not actual.
The average daily wind speed in October has been around 27 km/h, that’s the equivalent to about 17 mph, or 15 knots. In recent years the maximum sustained wind speed has reached 94 km/h, that’s the equivalent of around 59 mph, or 51 knots.
SWIMMING AND WATER TEMPERATURE
The temperature of water an individual will feel comfortable in is very much personal preference. What feels unbearably cold to one person for a swim might be fine for another. We have created our own Swimming Water Temperature Index offering a guide to water temperature and comfort levels for swimming;
In October, for the nearest coastal location, the temperature of the sea averages around 13°C, that's 55° Fahrenheit. Our index indicates for swimming this is considered cold and even the most hardy among us would find any more than a few minutes in the water uncomfortable.
YEARLY TRENDS: WEATHER AVERAGES & EXTREMES
The following charts show yearly weather trends with information on monthly weather averages and extremes.
The chart below plots the average high and low temperature for each month of the year. It also shows the maximum and minimum recorded temperatures.
The chart below plots the average daily wind speed you can expect for any month. It also shows the maximum recorded sustained wind speed for each month.