Country Overview For Australia
The climate in Australia is typically generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north. The terrain: mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast. For Canberra in January the daily average maximum temperatures is 30°C with the average minimum 17°C, while in June the average maximum is 18°C with a minimum of 5°C. The wettest month for Canberra is February with an average of 109.1mm of precipitation falling while the driest month is July with 29.5mm falling.
HISTORICAL MONTHLY AVERAGES FOR DECEMBER
The information presented below gives detailed historical monthly average weather conditions along with exceptional weather occurrences. To maintain relevance to current weather trends the displayed information has been calculated using data collected over the past two decades. The climate profile is taken from closest available data source to Surfers Paradise Raceway.
Throughout the month of December daytime temperatures will generally reach highs of around 28°C that's about 82°F. At night the average minimum temperature drops down to around 20°C, that's 68°F.
In recent times the highest recorded temperature in December has been 39°C that's 103°F, with the lowest recorded temperature 15°C, about 58°F.
The average daily relative humidity for December is around 74%.
The Heat Index is a measure of how hot it feels when relative humidity is added to actual air temperature. From this a comfort level is calculated providing categories on how heat conditions might adversely affect someone.
Comfort Levels: Given average maximum temperatures and humidity levels caution is advised. Fatigue is possible with prolonged exposure and/or physical activity for those in high risk groups of possible heat disorders (see heat index for more information).
The average monthly amount of precipitation has been recorded at around 122 mm, that's 5 inches. Throughout the month you can expect to see rain or drizzle falling on 3 days of the month.
Estimated Hours of Sunshine per Day
We calculate sunshine hours per day using our past forecast data. For December expect the sun to shine for an average of 8 hours per day. This represents the average number of hours in the daytime that the sun is visible and not obscured by cloud e.g. the average number of hours the sun is actually out and shining. Note we calculate hours of sunshine per day using our past forecast data, not observation data, thus it is an estimate and not actual.
The average daily wind speed in December has been around 18 km/h, that’s the equivalent to about 11 mph, or 10 knots. In recent years the maximum sustained wind speed has reached 59 km/h, that’s the equivalent of around 37 mph, or 32 knots.
On average the month of December is not affected by foggy conditions.
SWIMMING AND WATER TEMPERATURE
The temperature of water an individual will feel comfortable in is very much personal preference. What feels unbearably cold to one person for a swim might be fine for another. We have created our own Swimming Water Temperature Index offering a guide to water temperature and comfort levels for swimming;
In December, for the nearest coastal location, the temperature of the sea averages around 25°C, that's 77° Fahrenheit. Our index indicates for swimming this is considered warm and would be enjoyed by all, even those who are more likely to suggest the water was ‘too cold’ for a swim.
YEARLY TRENDS: WEATHER AVERAGES & EXTREMES
The following charts show yearly weather trends with information on monthly weather averages and extremes.
The chart below plots the average high and low temperature for each month of the year. It also shows the maximum and minimum recorded temperatures.
The chart below plots the average monthly precipitation amount.
The chart below plots the average number of days in any month that you can expect to see rain falling.
The chart below plots the average daily wind speed you can expect for any month. It also shows the maximum recorded sustained wind speed for each month.